March 30, 2009 by TimHughes · Leave a Comment
There are very few reference books which are exclusive to newspapers, so some of the better ones are about printing in general, peppered with historical accounts of newspaper publishing as well.
One of my favorites is such a book, titled "Printing In The Americas
" by John Clyde Oswald. Done by the Gregg Publishing Company in 1937 it unfortunately is out of print, however copies can be found on book dealer shelves across the country. With the broad scope of internet sites abebooks.com
I suspect it would not be difficult to find a copy.
There are 91 chapters totaling over 560 pages but it can essentially be considered to have three parts. first
: a general history of printing in colonial America which includes much on early newspapers; second
: a state by state review of the their first printing efforts, most of which were newspapers rather than books or pamphlets; and third
: printing history in other countries of the Western hemisphere including Canada, Central America, South America and the West Indies, typically not dealt with in most printing history efforts.
I find the Midwest and Western states to have the most intriguing histories, filled with stories of tragedy & hardship in trying to operate a printing establishment in the wilds of America. There were far more failures than successes. Early printers must certainly have come from hearty and optimistic stock.
This is a title I would suggest you pursue. Given its format it doesn't have to be read cover to cover, but rather chapters of interest stand alone as little histories in just a few pages.
March 26, 2009 by TimHughes · 6 Comments
A great fear of any novice collector is knowing whether an item purchased is genuine or not. It's a valid concern, as the other collectibles have been infested by reproduction,s reprints, or deceivingly fake material from furniture to coins to baseball collectibles.
The world of rare newspapers is not immune but it is not a serious problem either. With a few helpful hints almost every collector can avoid the pitfalls of having non-genuine newspapers end up in their collection.
Fake material of any collectible seems to become an problem when popularity and values grow. Since rare newspaper collecting remains a relatively unknown hobby with relatively low prices there is little incentive to create fake editions. And the requirements to recreate a 200 year old newspaper to have it look like a genuine edition can be complex and expensive.
With but one exception, I am not aware of any reprinted newspapers which were created to deceive. Virtually all facsimile issues on the market were created as souvenirs of historic events (Honolulu issues on Pearl Harbor can still be purchased at the memorial), on anniversaries of the first issue printed (many volume one, number one issues are reprints), as curious give-aways or "premiums" (major events such as the Boston Massacre, Declaration of Independence, etc. were reprinted), or as teaching tools in an educational environment (Harper's Weekly issues from the Civil War were reprinted on their 100th anniversary: look for "a reissue of" above the "H" in "Harper's Weekly" on page 1).
The lone exception is a collection of the "Pennsylvania Gazette
" from the 1730's - 1787 with issues turning up in small auction halls throughout the East some 20 years ago. The issues were aged to look 200 years old and the paper was very close to genuine newsprint from the era. Beware of this title if it contains a "Tontine Coffee House" inked stamp on the front page & if it looks a bit washed out.
The number of reprint newspapers on the market is exceedingly small so collectors have little to worry about. But keep these points in mind:
1) The most common reprint newspapers are on the Library of Congress check-list. Go here
to keep the list handy. It also includes helpful tips on how to tell if genuine or a reprint.
2) Be aware of what 200 year old and 100 year old newsprint should look like. Almost all reprints were done on paper which is not reflective of the era.
3) Be suspicious of exceedingly historic newspaper turning up in illogical places. The likelihood of a genuine Declaration of Independence report being in flea market or amongst of group of papers from a non-collecting family is very remote. In other words if the find seems too good to be true, it likely is.
4) Be careful with volume one, number one newspapers. Such first editions were commonly reprinted by the publisher on the 50th or 100th anniversary.
5) Above all, buy from reputable dealers whose expertise, experience and reputation stand behind all they sell.
The "Honolulu Star-Bulletin
" of Dec. 7, 1941 mentioned above is not on the Library of Congress check-list, however it's easy to spot a reprint. The genuine issue has an ink smear between the "A" and "R" in the huge word "WAR!" on the front page (see photo). They cleaned it up on the reprint so it won't be present.
And a news flash--I just learned that the "Dallas Morning News
" issue of Nov. 23, 1963 reporting Kennedy's assassination has been reprinted. Look for the word "Reprint" in the dateline just after the four stars. Do note those we have on our website
& have sold for over 20 years are all genuine!
Common sense can be the best guide. The requirements to reprint an 8 page Civil War newspaper with a minor battle report could cost hundreds of dollars while the genuine issue might sell for $20, so chances are good such finds are genuine. For this reason our hobby is a fascinating one not prone to the pitfalls of other collectibles.
Our community of collectors is quite small which has worked in our favor. All of us are in an enviable position of being able to assemble great collections of historic material before the world at large "discovers" our hobby and changes the environment in years to come.
March 23, 2009 by TimHughes · 4 Comments
Harper's Weekly issues of the 19th century remain among the more popular in our inventory, as the multiple engravings found in each issue document much of American history from 1857 through the end of the century. We have over 60,000 issues in inventory but still some dates are sold out as soon as they arrive. I suspect most of you have seen this title, but few may be aware of the interesting process of creating the prints in a timely manner.
The story of how Harper's delivered this amazing product during the Civil War is a fascinating one, and I must give credit to www.sonofthesouth.net
for much of detail.
The process started by the deployment of not only reporters but also artists to the battlefield. Some of the most renowned artists of the 1800's got their start as illustrators for Harper's Weekly, including Winslow Homer and Thomas Nast. These artists would sketch scenes of the battles that they witnessed and the sketches would then be dispatched back to Harper's for publication in the upcoming papers.
In order to publish the artwork, the images first had to be carved onto a block of wood. But it would take too much time for a single engraver to carve an entire print, particularly given the timeliness of each issue. To provide the illustrations as quickly as possible, a very clever idea was developed. The illustration would be cut into 2 inch squares and each square would be engraved onto a different small block of wood by an assigned carver.
By dividing the illustration up, each artist assigned to just a portion, a team of workers could carve a full page illustration in a short period of time. After the small blocks were completed they were then screwed together to form the overall illustration and a finishing engraver would provide final touches to be sure the pieces were perfectly aligned. This completed wood block was then used as a "master" to stamp the illustration onto all the newspapers being printed. If you look at a Harper's engraving carefully you can often see where the blocks of wood were joined together.
It wasn't until the 1890's that the technology of printing caused the end of hand-done engravings for the pages of Harper's and other illustrated periodicals. With the demise of this labor-intensive trade also came the end of some of the more beautiful works of art to be found on paper. They remain treasures today and hearken back to an era when artistry and long hours of work were an important part in providing the news.
[caption id="attachment_1754" align="aligncenter" width="82" caption="Code = RN72109SH"]
March 21, 2009 by TimHughes · Leave a Comment
Although we would like to think we have a large number of interesting and fascinating newspapers within our inventory, there are few which float to the top when it comes to being very historically significant.
Our "American Weekly Mercury
" from Philadelphia, 1735 is certainly one. The title and date alone would qualify its rarity, as American newspapers from that time are exceedingly scarce; from when Ben Franklin was just beginning his career. It is a handsome issue as well as the masthead features two wood engravings which make this a very decorative issue.
This was the first newspaper not only in Pennsylvania but also the Middle Colonies, having begun in 1719 by famed newspaper publisher Andrew Bradford, and continued until its demises in 1746. It was also just the third newspaper in all the colonies.
The content is certainly noteworthy, reporting on the very founding of the colony of Georgia. See the photos for the report and the involvement of James Oglethorpe. Its appeal as a purchase might be limited to those with a strong interest in Georgia history, but anyone could appreciate the value of having such an inconspicuous gem of a report on the front page of a newspaper.
Click on the link
March 18, 2009 by GuyHeilenman · Leave a Comment
AND the winners are...
A few weeks ago the History's Newsstand Blog ran a contest asking members to contribute unusual and/or bizarre articles they've discovered through the years. Many unique entries were submitted, and the voting, done by both members and staff, resulted in a photo finish. The results:
1st Place ($100 website gift certificate) -Phil Howland who submitted a St. Louis Missouri Republican, June 22, 1826, regarding "A MISSOURI TRAPPER"
2nd Place ($50 website gift certificate) - Joe Rainone, who submitted THE DAY’S DOINGS, February 10, 1872, regarding General Custer and Miss Spotted Tale"
3rd Place ($25 website gift certificate) -Erik Anderson, who submitted The Gentleman's Magazine, dated March, 1732, regarding "Vampires"
The entire text all of entries may be viewed at:
Thanks to all those who took the time to submit an entry. Many members indicated by e-mail as to how much the enjoyed reading the entries. The MISSOURI TRAPPER:
March 16, 2009 by TimHughes · 1 Comment
As our last discussion point on the most historic event to have in an early American newspaper collection we'll consider the pre-Revolutionary War era.
What a period of time, from the mid-1600's thru 1775. Keep in mind that the only newspapers to be had with American content thru 1704 would be British, most likely limited to the Oxford/London Gazette. The "Boston News-Letter
" as America's first successful newspaper began in 1704 but it can be exceedingly difficult to find any American newspaper prior to 1730. In any case let's consider the event & not the rarity of the newspaper itself. Remember, we're dreaming here anyway.
Dig out your history books and give thought to what single historic event in American history from this period you would like to have in your newspaper collection.
[caption id="attachment_1110" align="alignright" width="300" caption="Source: The Smithsonian"]
Much of the late 17th century was dealing with settling the "New World" and territorial issues not just with the Native Americans but the various European countries, all trying to establish a foothold, and increasing it at that. The early 18th century saw the creation of colonial governments and continuing territorial problems, leading to the French & Indian War, which in itself created financial problems in England which led to greater taxation in America to pay for related expenses. Of course the colonists were not keen on tightening controls and increased taxation levied by a government 3000 miles away and before long there was a revolution.
My choice would be the "Pennsylvania Journal & Weekly Advertiser
" issue of Oct. 31, 1765. Known as the "tombstone edition" because of the great graphics, it signaled the beginning of the Stamp Act in America, the most hated of the taxes up to that point, only to be following by more from Great Britain. The Stamp Act was the catalyst for a disintegrating relationship with the mother country. This newspaper (see photo) is both visually dramatic and historically significant in presaging the biggest event in 18th century America history.
What's your thought?
March 14, 2009 by TimHughes · Leave a Comment
" of Dec. 5, 1857 has a small item:
"Dr. Stone, of New Orleans, speaking of yellow fever, says--'The fever has a certain course to run. Keep the patient from dying, and he'll get well.' There's wisdom for you."
March 13, 2009 by GuyHeilenman · Leave a Comment
During the past several months we have enjoyed exploring the hidden gems often found within rare and historic newspapers. One of our friends drew our attention to another recently discovered treasure which relates to our beloved historic collectible, specifically, the Revolutionary War
era. There appears to be a new finding involving Bunker Hill
, as reported by the Boston Globe
A related graphic may be found at: http://www.boston.com/news/local/massachusetts/articles/2009/03/08/history_of_the_remains/
Although history may never be more facinationg than when it's read from the day it was 1st reported, current discoveries certainly add depth to our walk through the past.
Note: If you've never taken a Walking Tour of Historic Boston
, it is worthy of your time. The next time your in the Boston area, this tour is a must.
March 12, 2009 by TimHughes · 7 Comments
I'm not sure there is much of a contest for the "most historic event of the Revolutionary War". Can anyone make a case for anything beyond the Declaration of Independence? We'd all love to hear from you if so.
My experience is that this document is the most desired to have in an American newspaper, not just from this era but from the entire spectrum of American history. Well, an exception might be an issue of "Public Occurrences Both Foreign and Domestic
", the Sept. 25, 1690 newspaper printed in Boston which lasted but one day and of which only one copy is known to exist. I'd trade that remarkable find for a Declaration of Independence, but nothing else.
A year or so ago I was aware of a Philadelphia newspaper containing the Declaration of Independence which brought over $400,000 in auction. So much for the average collector adding an American printing to their collection, which is why interest has been heightened in British periodicals with the document.
And it did appear in at least several British magazines and newspapers. The popular "Gentleman's Magazine
" from London carried it in their August, 1776 issue as did the "Universal Magazine
" and the "London Magazine
". The "Gentleman's & London Magazine
" carried the historic text in their September issue (note
: the only American magazine in print in 1776, the "Pennsylvania
Magazine", carried the Declaration text in their July issue).
It's curious that the "London Gazette
" newspaper never printed the Declaration, likely for political reasons, but it did appear in the "London Chronicle
" of August 17 as well as the "Edinburgh Evening Courant
" issue of August 21. I suspect we've sold other British periodicals containing the Declaration through the years but their titles & dates escape me.
With American imprints containing the Declaration likely to remain out of reach for most collectors--but we always hope for that magical find--I would encourage consideration of printings in other periodicals. British titles are the best as there is no language barrier and they are from a country which had, should we say, a vested interest in the event. And their prices are still within the range of many collectors. The "Gentleman's Magazine
" printing are typically under $4000 when in inventory and the "London Chronicle
" is still in four figures. I suspect French, Dutch or German printings would have less interest to the average collector, although their prices would be lower when they become available.
The key for any nice newspaper collection is having a period printing, meaning a report from the time it happened. A printing of the Declaration in 1799 or 1826 just wouldn't have the collector appeal of a July, August, or even September printing from 1776.
How desirable is owning a period printing of the Declaration of Independence to you, and what date, title, or condition compromises are you willing to make to add such an issue to your collection?
March 9, 2009 by TimHughes · 4 Comments
After many years of teaching in the Lancaster, Penna. area, Guy was in search of a new professional challenge. Timing was great for both Guy and “Hughes Rare Newspapers” as he found his way to Williamsport and his challenge was found.
Guy is the President of our 33 year-old rare newspaper company and has brought with him an enthusiastic attitude and many fresh and exciting ideas to carry our business into the 21st century.
Any who have spoken with him cannot help but impressed with his polite, caring personality. Cultivating customer loyalty and maintaining the integrity of the business are foremost among his duties, while developing additional channels for selling and marketing newspapers challenge his creative side. Guy is a great fit for our unique business and the many progressive changes initiated in recent years are due to his efforts.
It was six years ago that Guy moved his family to Williamsport. Along with his wife Laura, they have six children—Eve, Joshua, Rebekah, Sarah, Hannah & Rachel--aged 7 thru 18, so to call him a family man is an understatement. Despite the workload and extra hours the business requires it is rare that Guy does not have his family off on a weekend adventure in this scenic part of Pennsylvania. During the summer months camping is a favorite activity, but we who stay home cringe when he schedules an outings because we know it will be rainy, windy, or cold—or likely all three.
Several of his older children are part-time employees of our newspaper business, handling much of the background and photography work which is so important to our success. They are always a pleasure to have among us.
While not attending to business and family priorities Guy is very much involved in his church community. His faith is a central focus of not only his life but that of his entire extended family. It is with this foundation that his personality of caring and concern permeates all that he does and, most certainly, is evident to our customers who have dealt with him.
Guy and his family are a pleasure to have with us. Be sure to say “hello” to Guy the next time you give us a call. Both you and he will be glad you did.
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