The “Carrier’s Address”…
August 27, 2009 by TimHughes
Credit for portions of the following must be given to Clarence Brigham & his work "Journals & Journeymen", as well as to the Bentley Historical Library at the University of Michigan.
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During the nineteenth century, newspaper carriers were often not paid by the publishers of the papers. They typically depended upon donations from patrons at the end of the year. To remind the public that the carriers depended on their donations, newspaper publishers issued poetic broadsides or booklets for New Years Day. These poems often recounted the major news stories of the previous year, but always closed with a plea to pay the carrier.
They were rarely saved since they contained no news reports and as a result are rather rare today. Although many Carriers' Addresses were contained within the body of the first newspaper issue in the new year, the most sought after are the broadside editions, printed on one side of a sheet of paper typically with ornate lettering, decorative borders, etc. The more decorative the Address the more collectible. The "New York Weekly Museum
" address for 1790 had an engraving of a boy delivering a paper at a doorway, one of just a few with such an illustration.
The earliest known examples were done for the "American Weekly Mercury
" of Philadelphia in 1720, 1721 and 1723 although none have been found. The earliest located for the American Antiquarian Society is that of January 1, 1735. Benjamin Franklin included them in his "Pennsylvania Gazette
" as early as 1739 (see photo).
The amount of the donation expected by the carrier was generally left to the customer. Many of the verses concluded with such a sentiment as "Remember the poor printer's Devil"
or "Be bounteous to the Printer's boy"
. Sometimes the sentiment was more definite, such as "I won't Refuse a six pence"
and "Please keep the cents and--give the silver".
By the 1870's the custom began to fall off, likely due to the beginning of more commercial & larger influential newspapers which considered such a custom undignified, also falling away in favor of the distribution of Christmas or New Year's cards by the end of the 19th century. The latest located for the American Antiquarian Society is dated 1904.
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